What Causes Heel Pain?
Heel pain is a common problem that men and women irrespective of their age suffer from. It can be caused from something as basic as wrong or badly fitted shoes to something more serious like a fracture or Plantar Fasciitis or Achilles Tendinitis amongst others. Depending on any other symptoms you might have in addition to heel pain your doctor or chiropractor or your therapist at your local pain clinic is the best person or clinic to contact for a diagnosis before you kick start any treatment or therapy program. Some of the common causes for heel pain are listed here -
1. Sprains And Strains And Fractures
We all suffer from minor pain in our heels and feet after a tiring day. A good foot soak in hot water or putting up your legs to relax your feet usually does away with such minor pains. However a sprain which occurs at joints and affects your ligaments or a strain which affects tendons and muscles is much more painful and sometimes requires medication and a doctor's help. Sometimes pain in the heel can be caused by or incidental to a sprain or a strain. A fracture of the heel bone on the other hand is very serious and requires urgent medical attention. The heel bone is a very commonly fractured bone. A fracture is a broken bone that could be putting pressure and so causing pain.
2. Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. The plantar fascia is a ligament in your foot that connects your heel to the front of your foot. This ligament supports the arch of your foot and is crucial in helping you walk. If this ligament for any reason becomes inflamed it causes stiffness and heel pain. For persons whose daily jobs require a lot of walking and /or standing like a delivery man or a waitress or a chef there is a lot of pressure on their feet and this can cause a lot of wear and tear on the plantar fascia ligament.
3.Achilles Tendinitis or Achilles Tendonitis
The Achilles tendon attaches your heel to your calf muscles and this tendon is used when you jump, walk, run or even when standing on the balls of your feet. Excessive exercise or running very often causes this condition that leads to pain. While this can be simply treated even with home remedies or an expert massage any aggravation can lead to a tendon tear which may require surgical intervention or medication. However if you have Achilles Tendonitis as a chronic condition or in a severe form it is also worthwhile to check with your orthopedic whether this heel pain is a symptom indicative of a larger problem like Ankylosing Spondilitis or Rheumatoid Arthritis.
4. Reiter's Syndrome
While the main symptoms of reactive arthritis or Reiter's Syndrome are mouth ulcers, red eyes and swollen toes and fingers, pain in the heel is also one of its symptoms.
5. Retrocalcaneal Bursitis
Bursae are sac found in the joints that contain fluids. These are around areas where tissue (whether ligaments, muscle tissue or tendons) connect to the bone and are responsible for lubrication to your joints which makes joint movement easy. Inflamed bursae is a condition called Bursitis. Retrocalcaneal Bursitis causes acute or chronic heel pain and selling.
Whatever the cause heel pain depending on its severity can be cured by using simple home remedies, physiotherapy, medication and where required surgery.
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